A new study has discovered that, protein markers in the breast milk can help to identify the breast cancer at an early stage and also predict if a woman is at the risk of breast cancer.
In young women, the objective detection of breast cancer is highly challenging during the early stages as the imaging techniques and mammography are less effective, as young women posses dense breast tissue and also there is a possible relationship between pregnancy and also the risk of Breast Cancer, said the researchers.
Biochemical monitoring of protein markers in various types of body fluids is one of the best ways to detect the Breast Cancer.
Researchers, including the researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst in US, have investigated the biochemical signatures of breast cancer which can be identified in breastmilk.
Researchers compared the samples of breastmilk from women with breast cancer, to the women without breast cancer and also women who were later diagnosed with breast cancer.
Research team later identified the alterations in protein expression in breastmilk when a woman has or soon will develop the breast cancer which might be due to cancer risk or development.
In the form of exfoliated epithelial cells which are considered to be the origins for most types of breast cancers, breast milk also provides access to the breast tissue, said the researchers.
Analysis of the breast milk is a non-invasive method, and the method can be used for cancer diagnosis.
After the further validation of study, the method could offer a new and non-invasive approach to breast cancer screening for the women during their childbearing years.