Replacing the saturated fats with healthy fats found in vegetable oils can aid in reducing the cholesterol levels and risk of heart diseases as like statins, said a new American Heart Association (AHA) advisory.
Poly-unsaturated fats and mono-unsaturated fats are the healthy fats.
Poly-unsaturated fats can be found in corn, soybean and also peanut oils. Mono-unsaturated fats can be found in oils such as olive, canola, safflower and also avocado.
Saturated fats can be found in meat, full-fat dairy products and also in tropical oils such as coconut and palm.
Recently,number of questions have been raised to recommend the foods high that limits saturated fats, so the AHA has ordered to review the current evidence.
"We want to set the record straight on why well-conducted scientific research overwhelmingly supports limiting saturated fat in the diet to prevent diseases of the heart and blood vessels," said lead advisory author Dr. Frank Sacks, in an AHA news release. Sacks is a professor of the cardiovascular disease prevention at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
"Saturated fat increases LDL -- bad cholesterol -- which is a major cause of artery-clogging plaque and cardiovascular disease," he said.
In the clinical trials, it is found that reducing the use of saturated fat in favor of the poly-unsaturated vegetable oil has reduced the risk of heart disease by about 30 percent, similar to the statin drugs, according to the new advisory.
Lower intake of the saturated fats combined along with the higher intake of poly-unsaturated and mono-unsaturated fat is connected to lower the rates of heart disease, shown in various other studies.
Several studies have found that coconut oil, which is extensively promoted as healthy, has the increased LDL cholesterol levels as like the other saturated fats..
Replacing the saturated fat with highly refined carbohydrate and sugars is not connected to reduced the risk of heart disease.
"A healthy diet doesn't just limit certain unfavorable nutrients, such as saturated fats, that can increase the risk of heart attacks, strokes and other blood vessel diseases. It should also focus on healthy foods rich in nutrients that can help reduce disease risk, like poly- and mono-unsaturated vegetable oils, nuts, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish and others," Sacks said.
Examples of this kind of healthy eating include the Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and also a Mediterranean-style diet.